Only 53% of Calderdale's adults are achieving the Chief Medical Officer's (CMO) recommended levels of moderate intensity physical activity. This is 150 minutes per week. For more details, visit: Percentage of physically active and inactive adults - active adults .
Physical inactivity is the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality and accounts for 6% of deaths. People who have a physically active lifestyle have a 20-35% lower risk of cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease and stroke. Regular physical activity is also associated with a reduced risk of:
- colon / breast cancer;
- and improved mental health.
In older adults, physical activity is associated with increased functional capacities. The estimated direct cost of physical inactivity to the NHS across the UK is over £1.6 billion per year.
The CMO currently recommends that adults do 150 minutes (2.5 hours) of moderate activity per week. This should be done in bouts of 10 minutes or more. The overall amount of activity is more important than the type, intensity or frequency.
Health costs of physical inactivity
|Disease category||Calderdale||Yorkshire and The Humber||England|
|Cancer lower GI||£218,400||£7,433,297||£67,816,189|
|Coronary heart disease||£1,246,370||£48,712,984||£491,095,943|
|Cost per 100,000 population||£1,285,742||£1,758,334||£1,817,285|
Source: Sport England commissioned data from British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group for Primary Care Trusts (PCTs). This was reworked into estimates for Local Authorities (LAs) by Trends Business Research Ltd (TBR). Measure: Health costs of physical inactivity, split by disease type for 2009/10.
For details, visit: Sport England: Data guidance .
The local picture
The Council's Talkback survey (in Calderdale) showed that 60% did 150 minutes (or more) walking, cycling or sports, per week.
The 2015 Active People Survey (released December 2015) showed that:
- 38% of adults (aged 16 and over) in Calderdale take part in sport for 1 x 30 minutes per week. However, 54% of people do none at all;
- 21.6% of adults are members of a club, 16% receive tuition, 13.6% compete and 13.9% volunteer in sport;
- 57% of adults are satisfied with sport provision in their local area (a drop from 67.4% in 2005/6).
The below table shows adult (16 years+) taking part in sport at least once per week. This is by year (2005/6 and 2014/15) and gender, ethnicity, disability, age band and socio-economic class. One session per week (at least 4 sessions of at least moderate intensity for at least 30 minutes in the previous 28 days). (Source: Active People Survey):
Adult (aged 16 and over) participation in sport (at least once a week), by year, and demographic breakdown
|16 to 25||58.20%||63.10%||56.30%||52.50%||56.20%||55.20%|
|26 to 34||43.80%||*||42.50%||42.20%||45.60%||44.60%|
|35 to 54||41.00%||41.70%||35.30%||38.30%||35.70%||38.20%|
*The sample size was too low.
Further local, regional and national Active People data can be found at: Sport England: The local picture .
There is a mixed economy of provision for adults to be physically active in Calderdale. With public, private and voluntary sectors offering opportunities.
Active Places Power - Sports England
This website has information on the following indoor and outdoor facilities:
- Artificial Grass Pitches, Athletics Tracks, Golf, Grass Pitches, Health and Fitness Suite, Ice Rinks, Indoor Bowls;
- Indoor Tennis Centre, Ski Slopes, Sports Hall, Squash Courts, Studio, Swimming Pool, Tennis Courts.
For the detailed facility report, visit: Active Places Power .
Note: Please check the 'terms and conditions' when using this site: Active Places Power: terms and conditions .
The Council has a 'Playing Pitch Strategy' that covers: Football, Rugby Union, Rugby League, Hockey and Tennis, to:
- assess the current and future need for pitch provision;
- set standards for the quantity, quality and access of facilities;
- give a strategic framework for facility provision.
For more on this, read: Playing Pitch Strategy and Action Plan [PDF 816KB] (February 2017).
The Council has five sport centres (that include four pools), an athletics track and they manage The Shay Stadium. For more details, see: Sports and fitness venues in Calderdale .
The Countryside service also provide guided walks, see: Countryside events .
There is a rich voluntary sector in Calderdale that provide lots of opportunities. The Council hold a database of clubs and organisations: Clubs and societies .
The Active People Survey (December 2015) showed that 57.7% of people were satisfied with their local sports provision. This is a statistically valid reduction from 2005/6 where 67.4% of people were satisfied.
The Talkback survey (in Calderdale) showed the main barrier to doing more was:
- time / work commitments (44%);
- followed by poor health / disability (28%);
- then cost (23%).
This was for those doing less than the recommended physical activity levels, .
In the Talkback survey, 69% of respondents said that they would like to do more physical activity.
- 45% said that increased opportunities / facilities in the area would support them to do more physical activity;
- and 42% said reduced cost would support them.
Sport England has developed 19 sporting segments to understand the nation's attitudes and motivations. Why they play sport and why they do not. The segments provide the knowledge to influence people to take part. Each segment can be explored at differing geographic levels. It is possible to find out what people's sporting habits are in a particular street, community, local authority or region.
The below table shows each of the segments and is ranked by:
- those most likely to be found in the selected area down;
- to those least likely to be found with the proportion of the population that they represent in that area given.
Please note: This is the 2010 data.
For more on these market segmentation studies, visit: Sport England: Market segments .
Proportion of Calderdale’s population estimated to be in each Sports England sporting profile segment compared to Yorkshire and England
|Number (000s)||Rate||Number (000s)||Rate||Number (000s)||Rate|
|Retirement Home Singles (Elsie and Arnold)||14.7||9.50%||373.6||9.20%||3,206.30||8.00%|
|Comfortable Mid-Life Males (Philip)||14.7||9.40%||358.7||8.80%||3,480.00||8.60%|
|Settling Down Males (Tim)||11.8||7.60%||301.7||7.40%||3,554.00||8.80%|
|Early Retirement Couples (Roger and Joy)||11.2||7.20%||281.0||6.90%||2,723.70||6.80%|
|Pub League Team Mates (Kev)||10.1||6.50%||272.2||6.70%||2,386.60||5.90%|
|Empty Nest Career Ladies (Elaine)||9.6||6.20%||233.0||5.70%||2,443.90||6.10%|
|Older Working Women (Brenda)||9.5||6.10%||237.1||5.80%||1,976.80||4.90%|
|Middle England Mums (Jackie)||9.3||6.00%||231.3||5.70%||1,965.00||4.90%|
|Sports Team Drinkers (Jamie)||7.9||5.10%||235.9||5.80%||2,162.90||5.40%|
|Twilight Year Gents (Frank)||7.4||4.80%||196.1||4.80%||1,612.90||4.00%|
|Career Focused Females (Helena)||7.4||4.70%||165.4||4.10%||1,829.80||4.50%|
|Supportive Singles (Leanne)||6.7||4.30%||192.8||4.70%||1,711.60||4.30%|
|Local ‘Old Boys’ (Terry)||6.7||4.30%||179.3||4.40%||1,484.50||3.70%|
|Competitive Male Urbanites (Ben)||6.0||3.90%||166.7||4.10%||1,989.10||4.90%|
|Fitness Class Friends (Chloe)||5.2||3.30%||145.6||3.60%||1,896.50||4.70%|
|Stay at Home Mums (Alison)||5.1||3.30%||139.3||3.40%||1,766.40||4.40%|
|Stretched Single Mums (Paula)||4.8||3.10%||154.2||3.80%||1,507.30||3.70%|
|Comfortable Retired Couples (Ralph and Phyllis)||3.9||2.50%||121.6||3.00%||1,700.20||4.20%|
|Later Life Ladies (Norma)||3.3||2.10%||91.5||2.20%||855.00||2.10%|
Projected future need
We currently do not have enough trend information to project future levels of physical activity.
However, the adult population is expected to increase by around 15,000 in the next 10 years. This will have implications for the level of sports provision in Calderdale.
Key considerations linked to the known evidence base (what works?)
In 2015, International Business Machines (IBM) visited, which included a consultation with various stakeholders on physical activity. Calderdale will advance the work began with IBM to make Calderdale the most physically active borough in England. This focuses on four key areas:
- Assets / neighbourhoods;
- and Communications.
These are the four key areas that will underpin our approach to make the Better Living Movement (BLM) a reality.
References and further information
Development Manager, Customer Services, Calderdale Council (February 2016).