Physical activity

Only 53% of adults in Calderdale are achieving the Chief Medical Officer's recommended levels of 150 minutes of moderate intensity physical activity per week: Percentage of physically active and inactive adults - active adults .

Physical inactivity is the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality accounting for 6% of deaths globally. People who have a physically active lifestyle have a 20-35% lower risk of cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease and stroke compared to those who have a sedentary lifestyle. Regular physical activity is also associated with a reduced risk of diabetes, obesity, osteoporosis and colon / breast cancer and with improved mental health. In older adults, physical activity is associated with increased functional capacities. The estimated direct cost of physical inactivity to the NHS across the UK is over £1.6 billion per year.

The Chief Medical Officer currently recommends that adults undertake 150 minutes (2.5 hours) of moderate activity per week, in bouts of 10 minutes or more. The overall amount of activity is more important than the type, intensity or frequency.

Health costs of physical inactivity

Disease category Calderdale Yorkshire and The Humber England
Cancer lower GI £218,400 £7,433,297 £67,816,189
Cancer breast £246,290 £6,004,343 £60,357,887
Diabetes £516,900 £17,937,347 £190,660,420
Coronary heart disease £1,246,370 £48,712,984 £491,095,943
Cerebrovascular disease £400,320 £13,087,727 £134,359,285
Total Cost £2,628,280 £93,175,698 £944,289,723
Cost per 100,000 population £1,285,742 £1,758,334 £1,817,285

Source: Sport England commissioned data from British Heart Foundation Health Promotion Research Group for Primary Care Trusts (PCTs), reworked into estimates for Local Authorities (LAs) by Trends Business Research Ltd (TBR). Measure: Health costs of physical inactivity, split by disease type for 2009/10.

For more information, see Sport England: Data guidance .

The local picture

The Calderdale Council Talkback survey conducted in Calderdale showed that 60% did 150 or more minutes of walking, cycling or sports per week.

The 2015 Active People Survey (released December 2015) showed that:

  • 38% of adults (aged 16 and over) in Calderdale participate in sport for 1 x 30minutes per week. However, 54% of people do none at all;
  • 21.6% of adults are members of a club, 16% receive tuition, 13.6% compete and 13.9% volunteer in sport;
  • 57% of adults are satisfied with sport provision in their local area (a drop from 67.4% in 2005/6).

The following table shows adult (aged 16 and over) participation in sport (at least once a week) by year and gender, ethnicity, disability, age band and socio-economic class: one session per week (at least 4 sessions of at least moderate intensity for at least 30 minutes in the previous 28 days). The time Periods cover 2005/06 and 2014/15 (Source – Active People Survey):

Adult (aged 16 and over) participation in sport (at least once a week), by year, and demographic breakdown

Indicator Calderdale Yorkshire England
  2005/06 2014/15 2005/06 2014/15 2005/06 2014/15
Male 39.00% 44.40% 38.70% 39.50% 39.40% 40.70%
Female 31.30% 32.00% 28.40% 28.90% 30.10% 31.20%
White British 35.20% 37.10% 33.20% 34.00% 34.40% 35.50%
BME * * 35.80% 35.70% 35.90% 37.70%
Disabled * * 15.20% 14.70% 15.30% 17.20%
Not Disabled 38.40% 41.70% 37.30% 38.40% 38.20% 39.60%
16 to 25 58.20% 63.10% 56.30% 52.50% 56.20% 55.20%
26 to 34 43.80% * 42.50% 42.20% 45.60% 44.60%
35 to 54 41.00% 41.70% 35.30% 38.30% 35.70% 38.20%
55+ 15.60% 24.80% 17.00% 18.20% 18.90% 20.90%
NS-SEC 1&2 39.80% 44.90% 39.30% 43.60% 40.50% 42.90%
NS-SEC 3 29.60% * 30.90% 29.70% 32.50% 33.10%
NS-SEC 4 * * 32.40% 26.70% 32.80% 31.80%
NS-SEC 5-8 31.00% 30.00% 26.60% 24.30% 27.20% 25.90%

*sample size too low.

Further local, regional and national Active People data can be found at: Sport England: The local picture .

Current provision

There is a mixed economy of provision for adults to be physically active in Calderdale, with the public, private and voluntary sector offering opportunities.

Active Places Power - Sports England

Detailed facility reports can be found at  Active Places Power . This website holds information on the following indoor and outdoor facilities: Artificial Grass Pitches, Athletics Tracks, Golf, Grass Pitches, Health and Fitness Suite, Ice Rinks, Indoor Bowls, Indoor Tennis Centre, Ski Slopes, Sports Hall, Squash Courts, Studio, Swimming Pool, Tennis Courts. Please note the terms and conditions when using information from this site: Active Places Power: terms and conditions .

Calderdale Council

Calderdale Council also produce a Playing Pitch Strategy that covers Football, Rugby Union, Rugby League, Hockey and Tennis. The strategy assesses the current and future need for pitch provision, set standards for the quantity, quality and accessibility of facilities and provides a strategic framework for facility provision. The latest strategy is Playing pitch strategy 2012-15  and an updated strategy is due in 2016.

Calderdale Council provides 5 sport centres including 4 pools along with 1 athletics track, and also manage the Shay Stadium: .

The Countryside service also provide guided walks, see: Countryside events .

There is a rich voluntary sector in Calderdale that provide lots of opportunities. The Council hold a database of clubs and organisations: Clubs and societies .

User views

The Active People Survey (December 2015) showed that 57.7% of people were satisfied with their local sports provision. This is a statistically valid reduction from 2005/6 where 67.4% of people were satisfied.

The Talkback survey conducted in Calderdale showed that for those who do less than the recommended levels of physical activity, the main barrier to doing more was time / work commitments (44%), followed by poor health / disability (28%), then cost (23%).

Unmet needs

In the Talkback survey, 69% of respondents said that they would like to do more physical activity.

45% said that increased opportunities / facilities in the area would support them to do more physical activity and 42% said reduced cost would support them.

Sport England has also developed nineteen sporting segments to understand the nation's attitudes and motivations – why they play sport and why they don’t. The segments provide the knowledge to influence people to take part. Each segment can be explored at differing geographic levels. It is possible to find out what people's sporting habits are in a particular street, community, local authority or region. The table shows each of the segments ranked by those that are most likely to be found in the selected area down to those least likely to be found with the proportion of the population that they represent in that area given. Please note that this data is the 2010 market segmentation data. For further information on either of the market segmentation studies, please visit Sport England’s Research pages at: Sport England: Market segments .

Proportion of Calderdale’s population estimated to be in each Sports England sporting profile segment compared to Yorkshire and England

Segment description Calderdale Yorkshire England
  Number (000s) Rate Number (000s) Rate Number (000s) Rate
Retirement Home Singles (Elsie and Arnold) 14.7 9.50% 373.6 9.20% 3,206.30 8.00%
Comfortable Mid-Life Males (Philip) 14.7 9.40% 358.7 8.80% 3,480.00 8.60%
Settling Down Males (Tim) 11.8 7.60% 301.7 7.40% 3,554.00 8.80%
Early Retirement Couples (Roger and Joy) 11.2 7.20% 281.0 6.90% 2,723.70 6.80%
Pub League Team Mates (Kev) 10.1 6.50% 272.2 6.70% 2,386.60 5.90%
Empty Nest Career Ladies (Elaine) 9.6 6.20% 233.0 5.70% 2,443.90 6.10%
Older Working Women (Brenda) 9.5 6.10% 237.1 5.80% 1,976.80 4.90%
Middle England Mums (Jackie) 9.3 6.00% 231.3 5.70% 1,965.00 4.90%
Sports Team Drinkers (Jamie) 7.9 5.10% 235.9 5.80% 2,162.90 5.40%
Twilight Year Gents (Frank) 7.4 4.80% 196.1 4.80% 1,612.90 4.00%
Career Focused Females (Helena) 7.4 4.70% 165.4 4.10% 1,829.80 4.50%
Supportive Singles (Leanne) 6.7 4.30% 192.8 4.70% 1,711.60 4.30%
Local ‘Old Boys’ (Terry) 6.7 4.30% 179.3 4.40% 1,484.50 3.70%
Competitive Male Urbanites (Ben) 6.0 3.90% 166.7 4.10% 1,989.10 4.90%
Fitness Class Friends (Chloe) 5.2 3.30% 145.6 3.60% 1,896.50 4.70%
Stay at Home Mums (Alison) 5.1 3.30% 139.3 3.40% 1,766.40 4.40%
Stretched Single Mums (Paula) 4.8 3.10% 154.2 3.80% 1,507.30 3.70%
Comfortable Retired Couples (Ralph and Phyllis) 3.9 2.50% 121.6 3.00% 1,700.20 4.20%
Later Life Ladies (Norma) 3.3 2.10% 91.5 2.20% 855.00 2.10%

Projected future need

We currently don’t have enough trend information in order to project future levels of physical activity. However the adult population is expected to increase by around 15,000 in the next 10 years which may have implications for the level of sports provision in Calderdale.

Key considerations linked to the known evidence base (what works?)

Following a visit from International Business Machines (IBM) in 2015, which included consultation with various stakeholders on physical activity, four key areas have been agreed. To progress work to make Calderdale the most physically active borough in England, Calderdale will advance the work began with IBM through the following framework which focuses on:

  • Assets / neighbourhoods;
  • Digital;
  • Workplace;
  • Communications.

These are the four key areas that will underpin our approach to make the Better Living Movement (BLM) a reality.

References and further information

References

Further information

More information on health can be found in the Further resources .

Always open first panel: 

Author

David Brook, Development Manager, Customer Services, Calderdale Council.

February 2016.