Life expectancy

Life expectancy at birth is a summary measure that estimates how many years a baby born in the time period is expected to live if current death rates apply throughout their lifetime.

Healthy life expectancy is the number of years a person can expect to live in “full health”.

The local picture

Since 1992-94 life expectancy in males in Calderdale has increased by over 5 years. Males are now expected to live to 78.6 years (2013-15 data), though this is still a year less than the England average. Life expectancy in females has increased by 4 years since 1992-94. Females are now expected to live to 82.1 years (2013-15) though this is a year less than the England average.

The following chart shows that for males and females, cancer is the biggest contributor to the life expectancy gap between Calderdale and England for which there are 26 excess deaths per year in males and 16 in females. This is followed by respiratory conditions (21 excess deaths in males and 24 in females) and circulatory conditions (23 excess deaths in males and 9 in females).

Segmenting life expectancy gaps by cause of death

More detailed information can be found in The segment tool: segmenting life expectancy gaps by cause of death .

Healthy life expectancy at birth - males

Healthy life expectancy at birth - males

Healthy life expectancy at birth in males has increased since 2010-12 and is now in line with the England average.

Healthy life expectancy at birth - females

Healthy life expectancy at birth - females

Healthy life expectancy at birth in females decreased from 2009-11 to 2012-14.  However in 2013-15 it increased and is now higher than the England average.

Inequalities

There are significant inequalities in life expectancy in Calderdale, with males in the least deprived quintile expected to live 7.5 years longer than those in the most deprived quintile. Females in the least deprived quintile are expected to live just over 9 years longer than in the most deprived quintile.

Current provision

See individual chapters for details of service provision for the major causes of death.

User views

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Unmet needs

See individual chapters for details of unmet need for the major causes of death.

Projected future need

If current trends remain, life expectancy in both males and females will increase and the gap in life expectancy between Calderdale and England is expected to decrease.  However both males and females in Calderdale are still expected to live one year less than those in England.

Projected life expectancy

Projected life expectancy

Key considerations linked to the known evidence base (what works?)

Mortality from the following conditions needs to be reduced:

These are discussed in more detail in the relevant chapters.

References and further information

References

Further information

More information on health can be found in the Further resources .

Author

Paula Holden, Public Health Information Manager, Public Health, Calderdale Council.

April 2017.