Evidence base: Environment

The reports and technical papers on this page form part of the evidence base to the Council’s Local Plan .

The environmental aspects consider the impact on:

  • green belt;
  • potential flood risks;
  • renewable energy provision;
  • and waste capacity requirements.

Environment thresholds study

The Calderdale Environmental thresholds study (ETS), analyses a number of environmental criteria. It show if the criteria are relatively positive or negative, in the local area.

This helps make sure that they can be appropriately considered, prior to the publication version of the Core strategy .

This will be updated as and when new data is available: PDFEnvironmental thresholds study [PDF 2508KB] .

Exceptional circumstances for the release of Green Belt

Exceptional circumstances for the release of Green Belt

This considers the process the Council followed in relation to the potential need to release land from the Green Belt.

It shows a methodical approach has been built into each stage of the process. This process has dovetailed with the Government’s emerging policy on exceptional circumstances.

To see more, please read: PDFExceptional circumstances for the release of Green Belt [PDF 223KB] .

Green belt review

To meet National Planning Policy Framework requirements, the Council undertook a review of Green Belt across the Borough.

For details of the review, please read:

For land parcels considered in the Green Belt Review and the results for those, see: Green belt review parcel results .

The review does not make any decisions on the future of the Green belt. It is one of many pieces of evidence used in the preparation of the Local Plan .

Note: Land can only be taken out of, or added to, the Green belt through the Local Plan process.

Review Methodology

This was written and consulted on in 2008/9 and revised in 2015. For more about this, please read:

Please note that the Green Belt Review Parcels do not directly relate to the individual sites that are proposed for allocation in the Local Plan. Using the same methodology as the Green Belt Review, proposed development sites in the Local Plan that are located in the Green Belt have been assessed against the Green Belt purposes in the NPPF using the boundaries of the site itself. The results of this assessment can be found in Appendix 11 – Green Belt Assessment of the Site Allocations Methodology – Publication Draft.

Habitats assessment

Calderdale benefits from being located within a Special protection area (SPA) and a Special area of conservation (SAC).

These are designated under the provisions of European Commission (EC) directives.

As a result, this Council needs to address these special habitats as part of its Local Plan preparation process.

We prepared a Screening Report for the consultation in August 2017:

It was updated in 2018:

Do you feel our Local Plan is 'unsound' because it is not Legally Compliant due to the HRA being inadequate? If so, you should record those comments against the Local Plan Publication Draft itself.

Landscape character assessment

This study has characterised the landscape of Calderdale.

We use it to take account of the landscape when preparing development proposals and determining applications.

The study has also updated the evidence supporting the designation of Special landscape areas across the Borough. It describes what makes these areas special.

Renewal and low carbon energy

Areas of suitability for wind developments in Calderdale

This study explores the potential for wind turbine development across Calderdale. This follows the release of the Ministerial statement in June 2015. It uses a range of considerations to assess land that may be unconstrained for different sizes of turbine (area-wide basis).

The report also shows there are moderate to high implications, at a landscape level, for more wind development. To see more on this, please read:PDFAssessment of areas of suitability for wind development in Calderdale [PDF 2994KB] .

Note: The report should be read along with the:

Renewable and Low Carbon Energy Technical Paper

This gives background information on Renewable and Low Carbon Energy, found in the 'Climate Change' section of the Local Plan . It summaries and references relevant background studies. For more on this, please read: PDFRenewable and Low Carbon Energy Technical Paper [PDF 139KB] (2018).

South Pennines wind energy landscape study, October 2014

This study was undertaken in 2010 by Julie Martin Associates and Land use consultants (LUC). It was done on behalf of Barnsley, Burnley, Calderdale, Kirklees and Rossendale Councils.

It updates and extends Landscape capacity study for wind energy development for the South Pennines.

At a strategic level, it identifies areas that are of lower landscape sensitivity to wind energy development of different scales. At the same time, it identifies any known cumulative impacts.

The evidence from study informs and supports participating authorities’ Local Plans. It also gives guidance to assist in the consideration of planning applications.

Renewable and low carbon energy study

The Renewable and low carbon energy study was undertaken by Maslen Environmental and completed in 2010.

It was done on behalf of Burnley, Calderdale, Kirklees, Pendle and Rossendale councils.

It explores opportunities for delivering renewable and low carbon energy, through a capacity assessment.

This includes: wind, solar photovoltaic, solar thermal, heat pumps, biomass combustion and hydro.

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Mineral evidence report

PDFMineral Evidence Report 2017 [PDF 302KB]

This document sets out the evidence in relation to the minerals element of the Local Plan Initial Draft. It documents the:

  • different types of minerals extracted in Calderdale;
  • methodology applied to establish Mineral Safeguarding Areas; and
  • site assessments of proposed new Mineral Allocations .

Please note: To submit comments, visit: Local Plan - Initial Draft .


Strategic flood risk assessment

Strategic flood risk assessment Level 1

The Strategic flood risk assessment (SFRA), dated July 2016, is a joint study with Kirklees and Wakefield Councils.

This assessments' purpose is to identify broad scale flooding issues along the catchment of the River Calder, in Calderdale.

It also provides support for both the Development management process and the Local plan process.

Note: Kirklees and Wakefield have published the SFRA that covers their part of the catchment on their websites.

It should be read in conjunction with the National planning policy framework and associated National planning practice guidance (NPPG).





Strategic flood risk assessment Level 2

The Level 2 Strategic Flood Risk Assessment, dated August 2018, has been completed because it is acknowledged that development in Calderdale cannot take place solely within Flood Zone 1 where there is a low risk of flooding.

The Local Plan site selection process identified 12 potential development sites where further, more detailed site-specific assessment, was required to confirm the potential suitability of the development sites with respect to flood risk. 

PDFLevel 2 Strategic Flood Risk Assessment - Site Screening [PDF 1969KB]

This report provides a summary table for each Level 2 site and incorporates the following:

  • Screening FRA;
  • Outline drainage strategy;
  • Level 2 site screening assessment.

It should be read in conjunction with the National planning policy framework and associated National planning practice guidance (NPPG).

Flood Risk Planning Guidance

This supplementary planning guidance  has been developed to supplement and support the Local Plan. This guidance has been developed by Calderdale MBC as the Lead Local Flood Authority and Local Planning Authority.

PDFDraft Flood Risk Supplementary Planning Guidance [PDF 1018KB]


Waste sites assessment

This update report presents a summary of comments received as a result of the 2016 Waste Sites Assessment consultation.

It gives details of sites proposed for allocation as waste sites in the Local Plan Initial Draft consultation.

For more on this, please read: PDFWaste Sites Assessment (2017 update) [PDF 359KB] .

Councils must allocate enough sites to be able to deal with future waste, in their Local Plan. This is to fulfil their role as the Waste Planning Authority (WPA).

This document should be read alongside the analysis of waste data presented in the Waste Data Evidence Report .

To see the previous assessments, please read: PDFWaste Sites Assessment 2016 [PDF 571KB] .

Waste data evidence report - update 2016

The PDFWaste Data Evidence Report [PDF 487KB] (August 2016), updates previous versions. It looks at:

  • overall waste arisings;
  • waste imports;
  • waste flows;
  • waste exports;
  • waste projections;
  • capacity of waste facilities; and
  • future waste capacity requirements

The report shows data on different types of waste from:

  • the Environment agency (EA);
  • the Council's Waste Management section; and
  • the Department for Environment, food and rural affairs (Defra).

It is part of the evidence base for the waste element of the Local plan.

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See also