The new 'Care Act' came into force on 31st July 2015. It consolidates and updates the existing criminal legislation on:
- human trafficking;
- forced labour;
- cannabis farming;
- organ harvesting;
- forced begging; and
- domestic servitude.
It increases the maximum custodial sentence for the most serious offences, from 14 years to life imprisonment.
Note: 'Modern Slavery' is now listed as a new category of abuse within the Care Act (2014).
It is important that people are aware of how to spot the signs of someone who may have been trafficked and is being exploited.
- look malnourished or unkempt;
- be withdrawn, anxious and unwilling to interact;
- be under the control and influence of others;
- live in cramped, dirty, overcrowded accommodation;
- have no access or control of their passport or identity documents;
- appear scared, avoid eye contact, and be untrusting;
- show signs of abuse and/or have health issues;
- typical kinds of employment that victims may be forced into:
- factories and farm work;
- restaurants, in particular fast food outlets;
- domestic service and hospitality;
- hand car washes and nail bars.