Countryside services

Conservation and biodiversity

Calderdale is a wonderful place for wildlife. 

The dramatic South Pennine uplands are characterised by windswept heather moorlands.  These are internationally important and large areas form part of the South Pennine Moors Special Protection Area (SPA) and Special Area of Conservation (SAC).  This is in recognition of the presence of wildlife habitats, such as upland heathland and blanket bogs, and wildlife species, including birds such as Red Grouse, Short-eared Owl and Golden Plover.  Adjacent to the moors lie grasslands, which are vital to birds such as the rare Twite, known as the 'Pennine Finch'.  Many of the upper valley sides, known as cloughs, are cloaked in extensive ancient oak woodlands and are rich in biodiversity.    

The River Calder dissects Calderdale, acting as an important wildlife corridor for fish, birds and mammals such as otters.  The lowland areas are more developed but wildlife still manages to find a home.  Here wetlands, hedgerows and grasslands form important refuges.  Even in our towns, brownfield sites, parks and gardens there are opportunities for wildlife to thrive alongside people.  

Many of the best sites for wildlife are declared as Local Nature Reserves.

Countryside Services works closely to conserve and enhance Calderdale's wildlife.  The Calderdale Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP), which sets conservation priorities, targets and actions, guides our work.  

For information about Calderdale's wildlife and BAP, please contact:

For information regarding Environmental Education, please contact:

Last Updated: 22/12/2015