Register of ancient monuments
Reference number 1018811
Ring Cairn On Midgley Moor
DESCRIPTION OF THE MONUMENT
The monument includes a ring cairn on Midgley Moor, 360m north east of Upper Han Royd. It consists of a stony bank 2.5m to 3m wide and 0.3m high, forming an approximate circle 13m in diameter. There is one orthostat near a possible entrance on the south east side.
ASSESSMENT OF IMPORTANCE
A ring cairn is a prehistoric ritual monument comprising a circular bank of stones up to 20m in diameter surrounding a hollow central area. The bank may be kerbed on the inside, and sometimes on the outside as well, with small uprights or laid boulders. Ring cairns are found mainly in upland areas of England and are mostly discovered and authenticated by fieldwork and ground level survey, although a few are large enough to be visible on aerial photographs. They often occur in pairs or small groups of up to four examples. Occasionally they lie within round barrow cemeteries. Ring cairns are interpreted as ritual monuments of Early and Middle Bronze Age date. The exact nature of the rituals concerned is not fully understood, but excavation has revealed pits, some containing burials and others containing charcoal and pottery, taken to indicate feasting activities associated with the burial rituals. Many areas of upland have not yet been surveyed in detail and the number of ring cairns in England is not accurately known. However, available evidence indicates a population of between 250 and 500 examples. As a relatively rare class of monument exhibiting considerable variation in form, all positively identified examples retaining significant archaeological deposits are considered worthy of preservation.
The ring cairn 360m north east of Upper Han Royd survives well and will retain important archaeological information.