Ward profiles 2010
Calder ward profile
Alternatively, you can download the Calder Ward profile: Calder [PDF file 589KB]|
Situated in the west of the district, Calder ward covers the largest area (40.2 sq miles, 10,423 hectares). A large part is open country with high Pennine moorland cut by deep valleys. The ward is bisected by the main west-east transport routes across the district along the Calder valley. The main town is Hebden Bridge; smaller settlements include Heptonstall, Old Town, Pecket Well, Colden, Blackshaw Head and Lumbutts. The built up area on the east of Todmorden also falls within the ward. Hebden Bridge has a rail station on the Calder Vale line and the Pennine Way footpath runs along the spine of the ward.
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© Crown copyright. All rights reserved. 100023069. (2010)
Area and population summary
Calder occupies an area of 10,423 hectares, or 40.2 square miles. The total population, from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) mid-year estimate for 2007, is 12,082. This is made up of 48.5% males and 51.5% females. The population density is 1.2 persons per hectare, and the number of electors in the ward in December 2009 was 9,141.
The ward has a higher proportion in the middle age range 25 to 59 and somewhat lower numbers of children, young adults and older people compared with the district as a whole.
Numbers of school-age children have fallen somewhat since 2001, but otherwise there have not been major changes in the age-profile.
The table and chart below show the age-structure of the population.
|Age Group||Number in Ward||% in Ward||% in District|
|0 to 4||700||5.8||6.2|
|5 to 14||1,407||11.6||12.4|
|15 to 24||1,273||10.5||12.5|
|25 to 44||3,398||28.1||27.6|
|45 to 59||2,909||24.1||20.3|
|60 to 74||1,581||13.1||13.6|
Source: ONS 2007 mid-year estimates
The ethnic group profile of the population, at the 2001 census, was overwhelmingly white (98%), which is higher than the district as a whole (93%).
|Ethnic Group||Number in Ward||% in Ward||% in District|
Source: 2001 Census
Country of birth
Of the 5% of the population born outside the UK, the largest number originate in Western Europe, followed by Asia.
|Country of Birth (2008)|
|Country||Number in Ward||% in Ward||% in District|
|Other Western Europe||234||1.9||1.9|
Source: CACI Country of Birth files
The chart below illustrates the country of birth of the 5% of the population who originate outside the UK.
Life expectancy in Calder is higher than the district as a whole, and especially so for men. Male life expectancy in the ward has risen in recent years.
Mortality rates (age standardised) for both under-65s and under-75s are considerably below the district and national rates.
|Long-term Illness (%)||Ward||District|
|People with a long-term illness||18.2||18.4|
|Life Expectancy (years)||Ward||District|
|Male life expectancy 2006 to 2008 (years)||80.7||77.1|
|Female life expectancy 2006 to 2008 (years)||81.8||81.5|
|Standardised Mortality Ratio (SMR)*||Ward||District|
|(SMR) all causes 2004-08 for age <65||75.9||105.4|
|(SMR) all causes 2004-08 for age <75||84.1||106.5|
Sources: Long term illness: 2001 census, all other indicators: NHS Calderdale
*SMR (Standardised Mortality Rate) is the ratio of the observed to the expected level of mortality and takes account of the area's age profile. 100 is the national average, so numbers above 100 are worse, below 100 better, than average.
The table and chart below show the change in life expectancy for males and females in Calder Ward between 2001-2003 and 2006-2008,
|Changes in life expectancy at birth|
Source: NHS Calderdale
There are a total of 5,334 households in the ward, estimated from the number of occupied dwellings. The average household size is 2.3 persons.
Council Tax banding
Substantially more properties in Calder are in bands E - H than the district average. Despite this, over 60% are in bands A or B.
|Council Tax Banding|
|Band||Number in Ward||% in Ward||% in District|
|G and H||91||1.7||1.4|
Source: Calderdale Council Chargeable dwellings 2009 (occupied dwellings)
The distribution of household incomes in 2009 was very similar to the district, although somewhat fewer households in Calder were on lower incomes.
|Household Incomes 2009|
|% in Ward||% in District|
|0 - 10,000||7.5||8.1|
|10 - 15,000||9.9||10.5|
|15 - 20,000||12.2||12.5|
|20 - 30,000||23.6||23.3|
|30 - 40,000||17.5||17.0|
|40 - 50,000||11.3||11.0|
Source: CACI Paycheck 2009
The following three tables are all taken from 2001 census data and cannot currently be updated. They show that the main ways in which Calder Ward differs from Calderdale overall are:
- there is a relatively low number of pensioner and a high number of one-person households
- owner-occupation and privately rented housing exceed the district average and there is correspondingly less social housing
- overcrowding and lack of central heating are low by district standards, while car ownership rates are high
|Type||Number in Ward||% in Ward||% in District|
|2+ adults and dependent child(ren)||1,178||23.3||24.1|
|Lone parent and dependent child(ren)||332||6.6||6.6|
|2+ all pensioners||411||8.1||8.8|
|Type||Number in Ward||% in Ward||% in District|
|Private rented / Other||711||14.1||11.6|
|Amenity||Number in Ward||% in Ward||% in District|
|No central heating||905||17.9||19.3|
Source: 2001 census
The proportion of households receiving one of the listed benefits is substantially below the district average. Fuel poverty is close to the district average. The proportion of pensioners receiving Pension Credit is slightly below the average.
No areas in Calder fall within the national worst 20% on the Index of Multiple Deprivation.
|Indicator||Number in Ward||% in Ward||% in District|
|Households with Benefit Claimants||922||17.3||21.3|
|Households claiming Free School Meals||95||1.8||3.3|
|Households affected by fuel poverty (2003)||332||6.2||6.5|
|Pension Credit recipients May 2009*||485||20.3||22.8|
|Indices of Deprivation 2007||Number||%||%|
|People in 10% most deprived areas nationally||0||0.0||9.7|
|People in quite deprived areas (11-20%) nationally||0||0.0||11.5|
Sources: CMBC Safer and Stronger Communities, Benefits Service, English Housing Conditions Survey, Department of Work and Pensions.
*Percentage is of 60+ population
Unemployment measured by unemployed claimants in Calder has risen from 158 in January 2006 to 282 in 2010, which represents 3.6% of the working age population. Although this is quite a significant rise, unemployment in Calder Ward has risen less than in most other wards in the district, and has remained below the national rate. Changes since 2006 are illustrated in the table and chart below.
|Claimants as % of Working-age Population|
Source: Department of Works and Pensions
Results from the Annual Population Survey for 2008 - 2009 show that 5.7% of the economically active population of 6,400 are unable to find jobs, compared with 7.6% in the district and 6.9% nationally.
The data on this page is about employment at workplaces in Calder Ward. Just under half the workforce lives in this or neighbouring wards.
A higher proportion are employed in Manufacturing compared with the district as a whole, and significantly less in the Financial sector.
Between 2006 and 2008 there was a slight fall in employment within the ward.
|Sector||Number in Ward||% in Ward||% in District|
|Construction & Utlilities||100||4||5|
|Distribution, Hotels & Restaurants||700||26||22|
|Banking, Finance & Insurance||300||12||25|
|Other Services including Transport||300||11||8|
Source: Annual Business Inquiry 2008
Looking in more detail at the change from 2006 to 2008 in employment by sector, as illustrated in the chart below, the Manufacturing sector and Other services including Transport have stayed about the same, and numbers employed in Distribution, Hotels & Restaurants rose by 100, but there was a fall of 100 in Construction and Utilities, in Banking, Finance and Insurance and in Public Services, giving an overall loss of 200 jobs.
For further information contact the Customer Knowledge Team:
- 01422 393129.