Ward profiles 2010

Calder ward profile

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Ward overview

Situated in the west of the district, Calder ward covers the largest area (40.2 sq miles, 10,423 hectares). A large part is open country with high Pennine moorland cut by deep valleys. The ward is bisected by the main west-east transport routes across the district along the Calder valley. The main town is Hebden Bridge; smaller settlements include Heptonstall, Old Town, Pecket Well, Colden, Blackshaw Head and Lumbutts. The built up area on the east of Todmorden also falls within the ward. Hebden Bridge has a rail station on the Calder Vale line and the Pennine Way footpath runs along the spine of the ward.

Map of calder ward

This map is reproduced from or based upon Ordnance Survey material with the permission of Ordnance Survey on behalf of the Controller of Her Majesty’s Stationery Office. Unauthorised reproduction infringes Crown copyright and may lead to prosecution or civil proceedings.

© Crown copyright. All rights reserved. 100023069. (2010)

Population

Area and population summary

Calder occupies an area of 10,423 hectares, or 40.2 square miles. The total population, from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) mid-year estimate for 2007, is 12,082. This is made up of 48.5% males and 51.5% females. The population density is 1.2 persons per hectare, and the number of electors in the ward in December 2009 was 9,141.

Population structure

The ward has a higher proportion in the middle age range 25 to 59 and somewhat lower numbers of children, young adults and older people compared with the district as a whole.

Numbers of school-age children have fallen somewhat since 2001, but otherwise there have not been major changes in the age-profile.

The table and chart below show the age-structure of the population.

Population Structure
Age GroupNumber in Ward% in Ward% in District
0 to 47005.86.2
5 to 141,40711.612.4
15 to 241,27310.512.5
25 to 443,39828.127.6
45 to 592,90924.120.3
60 to 741,58113.113.6
75 plus8146.77.4

Source: ONS 2007 mid-year estimates

Bar chart comparing Calder Ward age profiles with Calderdale's

Ethnicity

The ethnic group profile of the population, at the 2001 census, was overwhelmingly white (98%), which is higher than the district as a whole (93%).

Ethnicity
Ethnic GroupNumber in Ward% in Ward% in District
White11,31297.993.0
Asian1131.05.7
Black120.10.2
Mixed910.80.8
Chinese/Other240.20.3

Source: 2001 Census

Country of birth

Of the 5% of the population born outside the UK, the largest number originate in Western Europe, followed by Asia.

Country of Birth (2008)
CountryNumber in Ward% in Ward% in District
UK11,88695.192.7
Other Western Europe2341.91.9
Eastern Europe770.60.8
Africa700.60.4
Asia1441.23.7
Other810.60.4

Source: CACI Country of Birth files

The chart below illustrates the country of birth of the 5% of the population who originate outside the UK.

Pie chart showing place of birth of Calder Ward residents born outside UK

Health

Life expectancy in Calder is higher than the district as a whole, and especially so for men. Male life expectancy in the ward has risen in recent years.

Mortality rates (age standardised) for both under-65s and under-75s are considerably below the district and national rates.

Health
Long-term Illness (%)WardDistrict
People with a long-term illness18.218.4
Life Expectancy (years)WardDistrict
Male life expectancy 2006 to 2008 (years)80.777.1
Female life expectancy 2006 to 2008 (years)81.881.5
Standardised Mortality Ratio (SMR)*WardDistrict
(SMR) all causes 2004-08 for age <6575.9105.4
(SMR) all causes 2004-08 for age <7584.1106.5

Sources: Long term illness: 2001 census, all other indicators: NHS Calderdale

*SMR (Standardised Mortality Rate) is the ratio of the observed to the expected level of mortality and takes account of the area's age profile. 100 is the national average, so numbers above 100 are worse, below 100 better, than average.

The table and chart below show the change in life expectancy for males and females in Calder Ward between 2001-2003 and 2006-2008,

Changes in life expectancy at birth
YearMaleFemale
2001-200375.882.5
2006-200880.781.8

Source: NHS Calderdale

Bar chart comparing life expectancy in Calder Ward over 2 time periods

Households

There are a total of 5,334 households in the ward, estimated from the number of occupied dwellings. The average household size is 2.3 persons.

Council Tax banding

Substantially more properties in Calder are in bands E - H than the district average. Despite this, over 60% are in bands A or B.

Council Tax Banding
BandNumber in Ward% in Ward% in District
A2,24742.146.9
B1,00018.719.2
C70513.216.4
D5099.57.7
E5149.65.5
F2685.03.0
G and H911.71.4

Source: Calderdale Council Chargeable dwellings 2009 (occupied dwellings)

Bar chart comparing percentage of Calder Ward council tax bands with Calderdale's

Household incomes

The distribution of household incomes in 2009 was very similar to the district, although somewhat fewer households in Calder were on lower incomes.

Household Incomes 2009
Income Band
(£)
% in Ward% in District
0 - 10,0007.58.1
10 - 15,0009.910.5
15 - 20,00012.212.5
20 - 30,00023.623.3
30 - 40,00017.517.0
40 - 50,00011.311.0
over 50,00017.917.7

Source: CACI Paycheck 2009

Bar chart comparing household incomes in Calder Ward with Calderdale's

The following three tables are all taken from 2001 census data and cannot currently be updated. They show that the main ways in which Calder Ward differs from Calderdale overall are:

Household Composition
TypeNumber in Ward% in Ward% in District
2+ adults and dependent child(ren)1,17823.324.1
Lone parent and dependent child(ren)3326.66.6
2+ all pensioners4118.18.8
One pensioner64412.715.0
Other 1-person90017.815.5
Others1,57231.130.1
Source: 2001 census
Tenure
TypeNumber in Ward% in Ward% in District
Owner occupied3,76074.471.5
Social housing56911.316.9
Private rented / Other71114.111.6
Source: 2001 census
Household Amenities
AmenityNumber in Ward% in Ward% in District
Overcrowded3126.27.0
No central heating90517.919.3
No car1,37627.231.0
2+ cars1,42428.225.3

Source: 2001 census

Deprivation

The proportion of households receiving one of the listed benefits is substantially below the district average. Fuel poverty is close to the district average. The proportion of pensioners receiving Pension Credit is slightly below the average.

No areas in Calder fall within the national worst 20% on the Index of Multiple Deprivation.

Deprivation
IndicatorNumber in Ward% in Ward% in District
Households with Benefit Claimants92217.321.3
Households claiming Free School Meals951.83.3
Households affected by fuel poverty (2003)3326.26.5
Pension Credit recipients May 2009*48520.322.8
Indices of Deprivation 2007Number%%
People in 10% most deprived areas nationally00.09.7
People in quite deprived areas (11-20%) nationally00.011.5

Sources: CMBC Safer and Stronger Communities, Benefits Service, English Housing Conditions Survey, Department of Work and Pensions.

*Percentage is of 60+ population

Employment and unemployment

Unemployment

Unemployment measured by unemployed claimants in Calder has risen from 158 in January 2006 to 282 in 2010, which represents 3.6% of the working age population. Although this is quite a significant rise, unemployment in Calder Ward has risen less than in most other wards in the district, and has remained below the national rate. Changes since 2006 are illustrated in the table and chart below.

Claimants as % of Working-age Population
MonthCalderCalderdale   UK   
January 20062.12.62.5
July 20062.32.82.5
January 20072.12.92.5
July 20072.02.62.2
January 20082.02.42.3
July 20082.02.82.3
January 20093.14.13.4
July 20093.95.14.1
January 20103.65.14.3

Source: Department of Works and Pensions

Graph comparing percentage of Calder Ward, Calderdale and UK claimants

Results from the Annual Population Survey for 2008 - 2009 show that 5.7% of the economically active population of 6,400 are unable to find jobs, compared with 7.6% in the district and 6.9% nationally.

Employment

The data on this page is about employment at workplaces in Calder Ward. Just under half the workforce lives in this or neighbouring wards.

A higher proportion are employed in Manufacturing compared with the district as a whole, and significantly less in the Financial sector.

Between 2006 and 2008 there was a slight fall in employment within the ward.

Employment
SectorNumber in Ward% in Ward% in District
Manufacturing9003019
Construction & Utlilities10045
Distribution, Hotels & Restaurants7002622
Banking, Finance & Insurance3001225
Other Services including Transport300118
Public Services5001721

Source: Annual Business Inquiry 2008

Pie chart comparing employment sectors of Calder Ward and Calderdale

Looking in more detail at the change from 2006 to 2008 in employment by sector, as illustrated in the chart below, the Manufacturing sector and Other services including Transport have stayed about the same, and numbers employed in Distribution, Hotels & Restaurants rose by 100, but there was a fall of 100 in Construction and Utilities, in Banking, Finance and Insurance and in Public Services, giving an overall loss of 200 jobs.

Contact details

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Last Updated: 19/09/2013