The 2010 Indices of Deprivation
This Briefing Paper presents an initial analysis of the Indices of Deprivation 2010.
The Indices of Deprivation 2010 are the most comprehensive and up-to-data available on multiple deprivation and the different elements of deprivation, but they do not track change up to 2010. The data refers to the period ending in 2008, which means that the indices track change principally in the period from 2004/05 to 2007/08.
Previous Indices have been widely used by the government, Yorkshire Forward and other agencies to determine eligibility and priorities for many important funding programmes, and it is likely that the Indices of Deprivation 2010 will be used in similar ways.
The geographical base used for the collection and analysis of data is the Lower Level Super Output Area (LSOA), areas with a population of around 1,500 persons, which do not fit exactly into ward areas. This means that, where deprivation is presented at a ward level, each LSOA has had to be allocated to one ward only, which can over or under state the extent of deprivation in different wards.
A summary of the key points in the paper follows. The full report is available to download:
- There has been little change in the national ranking of Calderdale on each of the measures of deprivation since the last review in 2007.
- Calderdale continues to be ranked as less deprived than the other West Yorkshire Districts on all of the six local authority level measures
- the average (LSOA) score and average rank measures continue outside the most deprived 100 local authorities, and have changed very little since 2007
- the measures of the degree to which severe deprivation affects the District (Extent and Concentration) show a mixed picture, with a deterioration in Extent, which shows how widespread high levels of deprivation are within the District, but an improvement in Concentration, which identifies deprivation hot-spots in the District
- Calderdale has improved its relative position on the Income measure, and fallen very slightly on the Employment measure.
- These results suggest little change for Calderdale in terms of its overall level of deprivation relative to other areas since the 2007 indices, although all measures continue much improved from 2004. The most deprived areas in the district have shown some relative improvement, although serious deprivation has become a little more widespread.
Wards and small areas
- There has been little change since the 2007 Indices in the geography of the most deprived areas of the district; most are concentrated in west and north Halifax with small pockets of deprivation in other parts of the district. Of the 13 LSOAs that fall in the most deprived 10% nationally, 6 are in Park and 5 in Ovenden and Illingworth & Mixenden.
- the ward-level pattern of deprivation remains very similar to 2007, both for the most deprived 10% and the most deprived 10-20%.
- Calderdale now has 7 LSOAs in the worst 2,000 nationally, fewer than in 2007 when there were 10.
- It should be noted that, although LSOAs are small, they are not necessarily homogeneous in composition. Deprivation indices at LSOA level do not tell the full story of deprivation and prosperity, since significant numbers of deprived households may exist in relatively prosperous areas, and vice versa.
Findings related to Domains of Deprivation
There was little change from the 2007 indices, with the number of income-deprived LSOAs in the worst 10% nationally rising by just 1, from 14 to 15. Of these, 9 are in the Park Ward, and 5 in Ovenden and Illingworth & Mixenden.
The number of employment-deprived LSOAs that are in the worst 10% nationally increased from 15 to 20 between the 2007 and 2010 indices. The highest concentration is in west and north Halifax and in urban centres.
- Health and Disability
Severe health-related deprivation was identified in 12 LSOAs in the 2010 indices across 7 wards, which is a significant increase from the 2007 indices. There were increases in Ovenden, Park and Town wards.
- Education, Skills and Training
The level of severe deprivation in the Education, Skills and Training domain was reduced for 2010 with 11 LSOAs being within the worst 10% nationally, compared with 14 in 2007. Ovenden and Park have the greatest concentration, followed by Illingworth & Mixenden.
- Barriers to Housing and Services
This indicator has minimal impact in Calderdale, with only 1 LSOA in the entire district, in Calder ward, in the worst 10% nationally. This is unchanged from 2007.
Crime-related deprivation has risen, from 12 LSOAs in the worst 10% nationally in the 2007 indices, to 16 in the 2010 indices. 6 of these LSOAs were in Ovenden, 3 in Todmorden, and 2 each in Illingworth & Mixenden, Town, and Warley.
- Living Environment
The most important Living Environment indicators relate to housing conditions. This is locally the most prevalent domain with 29 LSOAs being in the worst 10% nationally, the same total as in 2007. By far the greatest number are in Park ward, but 11 of the 17 wards are represented in this category.
- Older People
The proportion of older people experiencing income deprivation was virtually unchanged, while the number of LSOAs within the worst 20% nationally has fallen from 27 to 21, although there was a slight rise in those in the worst 10%. The largest number of LSOAs affected was in Park, but LDSOAs in the worst 10% nationally were also in Illingworth & Mixenden, Ovenden, and Town wards.
- Children and Young People
The proportion of children in income-deprived households is virtually unchanged. The number of areas within the national worst 20% has declined from 23 to 21.
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