Employment and commuting


Topic Reports are part of Calderdale Council’s set of publications based mainly on the 2001 Census. The first Census data became available in 2003, and the Council has since produced a range of reports and digests summarising this data and presenting it in a format suitable for forward planning purposes.

This Report on Employment and Commuting is the fourth in the series of Topic Reports. The 2001 Census is the key source for this Report, since no other data set compares in both its coverage and the detail it provides. Much of the Census data used in this Report is taken from the Workplace Origin-Destination Statistics, which link the location of a resident’s home with the location of his / her workplace. This data was the last to be processed and was published in 2005.

In addition to the Census Workplace data, the Report uses some other key sources, including the Annual Business Inquiry (a survey of business employment); the Household Surveys undertaken by the Learning and Skills Council West Yorkshire; and the Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings. The report provides the most reliable and comprehensive data available, and is as up-to-date as possible.

Purpose of the report

The objective of this Report is to present data on recent changes in the nature of employment and travel to work patterns within Calderdale and amongst Calderdale’s population. In particular, it is intended that this will assist, first, in a better understanding of Calderdale’s position in the local and regional labour markets; and second, that it will provide a background for analysis of the dynamics behind commuting into and out of Calderdale, and the implications that this has for traffic and transport.

Report structure

There is an enormous amount of data on employment that is available, at different geographies and dates, changing classifications, and variable reliability.

It is recognised that readers will have different levels of information needs and for this reason most of the detailed data is presented in Appendices. The structure of the remainder of the report is as follows:

1: Overview of employment trends

This section provides a brief overview of the main developments in employment, looking both at the employment of Calderdale residents and at employment/jobs located in Calderdale.

2: Commuting

This section looks at changes in commuting, in particular between the 1991 and 2001 Census. It then examines related topics such as distance travelled to work and numbers working from home. It also provides a profile of in-commuters and out-commuters in terms of age, gender, industrial sector, occupation and qualifications, and compares commuters with the profile of Calderdale residents working within Calderdale.

3: Area profiles

For the purposes of the analysis of employment and commuting, Calderdale has been split into eight areas. For each, a brief profile is provided that includes a map of in- and out-commuting, and charts showing industrial sector of employment, social composition, and household income.


Appendix A: Employment information 
Appendix B: Area profile data
Appendix C: Data sources
Appendix D: Technical Note: Adjustments to the Data

The key points of each section of the report are given in the links. The full report is available for download:

Employment and Commuting in Calderdale [PDF file 1857KB]|PDF file

This is a long report and may take some time to download, so we have also provided pdfs of the different parts of the report in the relevant pages.

Executive summary

The nature of employment is changing along with traditional relationships between where people live and where they work. These developments are especially relevant in Calderdale, which has a strategic location between the fast developing conurbations of Greater Manchester and West Yorkshire.

This report examines the latest information about how employment and travel to work patterns have changed in recent years. These trends are of great importance as they directly impact on the work prospects of residents, demand for housing and employment land, and transportation requirements.

The report reveals significant changes in the nature of employment within the district and for its residents, as well as the increasing extent of the labour market interrelationships between the district, neighbouring areas and regional centres. It also highlights the differences between different parts of the district and in the levels of economic self containment.

Employment changes

Travel to Work and Commuting Patterns

Area profiles

For further information, please contact the Customer Intelligence officer.

Last Updated: 09/03/2016