Employment and commuting
3: Area profiles
This section of the Employment and Commuting Topic Report provides short profiles of the 8 areas into which Calderdale has been divided for the purpose of further analysis of commuting. A summary is provided here. A pdf of the full section, including the individual area profiles, is available to download:
Each area profile comprises:
- a map showing the main towns and the commuting flows into and out of the area
- graphics illustrating the sectoral breakdown of employment in the area; the social class of residents, and the patterns of household income.
In addition to these Profiles, a set of tables showing data for each area, together with Calderdale as a whole, is provided in Appendix B: Area profile data .
This area, which includes Rastrick, provides a high proportion of Calderdale’s employment. Only one quarter of the total number employed live within the area. Whilst the largest part of the workforce comes from other parts of Calderdale, there is a substantial net inflow from Huddersfield. Overall, Brighouse has a net inflow of commuters.
Employment in Brighouse is dominated by Manufacturing, which accounts for over 39% of the total (compared to 22.5% for Calderdale and under 15% for England). The Distribution, Hotels & Restaurants sector is also large, whilst Banking and Public Administration are relatively small.
A relatively high proportion of residents are defined as Social Grade A/B (Senior Management / Professional).
The area shows relatively high household incomes, with 21% having an income of under £15,000 whilst 27% have a household income in excess of £40,000. The median income is above the Calderdale figure.
This area includes Greetland & Stainland. Approximately one third of the workforce live in the area. There is a substantial commuting outflow to other parts of Calderdale, a net outflow to Leeds and Bradford, but an inflow from Kirklees and Wakefield. Despite employment centres such as Lowfields, there is a significant overall outflow of commuters.
Manufacturing accounts for one third of employment, well above the District average. The Construction industry is also large, whilst Banking and Public Administration are relatively small.
The proportion of residents in the different Social Grades is very close to the Calderdale averages.
Almost one quarter of households have incomes below £15,000, slightly below the Calderdale average. The proportion with an income in excess of £50,000 is higher than the District average. The median income is slightly above that of Calderdale as a whole.
The Halifax area (including King Cross, Boothtown, Skircoat, Siddal, Southowram and Warley) accounts for the largest number of employees in Calderdale, with almost 35,000 people working in the area. Only 15% of this workforce lives in the area, whilst almost two thirds come from other parts of Calderdale. Halifax is a major commuting destination, with far more people commuting into Halifax than commuting out.
The Banking, Finance and Insurance sector employs more than one third of all people working in Halifax, far above the District average. Public Administration is also relatively large, while the Manufacturing Sector is small.
Whilst the proportion in Social Grades A/B and C1 (Other Non-Manual) falls below the Calderdale average, Grades D (Semi-skilled and Unskilled Manual) and E (Unemployed/On Benefit) are somewhat over-represented.
27% of Halifax households have an income below £15,000, compared to a District figure of 24%, while only 21% have a household income above £40,000. The median income of £23,500 is significantly below the Calderdale figure of £25,000.
North East Calderdale
Within this area (including Northowram, Shelf, Claremount, Bailiff Bridge and Hipperholme) over 6,000 people are employed. The area and other parts of Calderdale each account for 36% of this employment, and there is a large net outflow of commuters, with almost 8,000 residents travelling to work in other parts of Calderdale or West Yorkshire, compared to 3,700 commuting in.
The Manufacturing sector is very large; at 42% the highest proportion of all 8 Areas, and the Banking & Finance sector correspondingly small.
A high proportion of residents fall into Social Grades A/B and C1, with a very low percentage in Grade D (Semi-skilled and Unskilled Manual).
Only 20% of household incomes fall below £15,000, whilst 30% have income in excess of £40,000. The median household income is £3,500 above the Calderdale median.
This area has a high net outflow of commuters, with the number commuting out of the area more than double the number of in-commuters. Of those employed in North Halifax, 36% are residents of the area.
The sectoral breakdown of employment is generally close to the District pattern, although Distribution, Hotels etc is under-represented and Public Administration over-represented.
There are relatively low numbers of residents in Social Grade A/B (Senior Management / Professional) and high numbers in C2 (Skilled Manual) and D (Semi-skilled and Unskilled Manual).
The area is characterised by relatively low household incomes, with 30% having incomes below £15,000 and only 16% above £40,000. The median income is the lowest of the 8 areas and is £3,500 below that of Calderdale.
Ripponden and Sowerby Bridge
A relatively high proportion of the 6,700 people employed in this area are resident here (42%), and there is a substantial net outflow of commuters, chiefly to other parts of Calderdale.
In terms of sector, the main difference from Calderdale is the small size of the Banking & Finance sector.
Social Grades A/B are somewhat over-represented among Ripponden & Sowerby Bridge residents, whilst the proportions in Grades D and E are slightly below average.
Household incomes are generally higher on average, with 22% on incomes below £15,000 and 28% having incomes over £40,000. The median income is £2,000 above the Calderdale figure.
The Todmorden area has the highest proportion (59%) of residents employed in the area where they live. There is also a substantial net outflow of commuters, both to Calderdale and West Yorkshire and to Greater Manchester and the North West.
Distribution, Hotels & Restaurants, and Public Administration are over-represented in Todmorden, and there is a relatively low percentage working in Banking & Finance.
The proportions in Grade A/B are below average whilst Grade D is over-represented amongst residents of Todmorden.
Incomes are broadly similar to Calderdale as a whole, although relatively few have incomes above £50,000. The median income is just £500 below the Calderdale figure.
The Upper Valley area (excluding Todmorden) also has a relatively high proportion of its employment accounted for by residents of the area (46%). There is substantial net outflow of commuters, to other parts of Calderdale, as well as to the rest of West Yorkshire and Greater Manchester.
The proportion of employment accounted for by Manufacturing is 41%, second only to North East Calderdale. The Banking & Finance sector is relatively small, providing only 9% of employment.
Social Grades A/B are heavily over-represented among Upper Valley residents (25% compared to the District figure of 20%), whilst Grade D is significantly under-represented.
Average household incomes are somewhat higher than Calderdale as a whole; fewer than 23% are on incomes below £15,000 and 25% on incomes above £40,000 (the Calderdale figures being 24%and 23.4% respectively). The median income is a little above the Calderdale figure.